عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: The main purpose of this study was comparative evaluation of scientific productions of Iran, Turkey, Egypt and Pakistan in Essential Science Indicators (ESI) database during 2002-2012.
Methodology: This is an applied study and is done by scientometrics methodology. For analysis of findings, descriptive and inferential statistics (Tukey’s test and Pearson correlation test) was performed by SPSS software version 20. Study population was the Islamic countries of Iran, Turkey, Egypt and Pakistan.
Findings: Our findings show that the best ranking of scientific productions and citations of the countries belong to Turkey, Iran, Egypt and Pakistan, respectively. But the in the ranking based on the average citation rate per paper Iran stood after Turkey, Egypt and Pakistan. The average citation rate per paper for Turkey in 11 fields out of 22 fields was in the highest position and in 2 fields was the lowest position among others. Iran was in highest ranking in one field and in 10 fields in the lowest position. Turkey and Iran had the best and the worst performance respectively. Hot papers belong to Iran (9), Turkey (7), Pakistan (5), and Egypt (4), respectively. The number of subject areas cited for each of the countries was Turkey (22), Iran (20), Pakistan (19) and Egypt (16), respectively. In all countries, (between the number of scientific publications and citations rates significant positive correlation was observed). Tukey’s test showed (difference between the number of citations for). Turkey, Egypt and Pakistan.
Conclusion: Survey showed that Iran’s growth of scientific production, among leading Islamic countries was impressive, but no in growth rate of citations.