عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: the main goal of this study is to identify and determine the relationship between scientific outputs of countries as an indicator of science and their patents as an indicator of technology.
Methodology: the present study was performed based on scientometrics approaches and using Scopus citation database. The registered patents were extracted from the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and scientific documents and scientific outputs of different countries were extracted from Scopus citation database. Data analysis was carried out using SPSS software. Based on the types of data, parametric and non-parametric tests were used, and Spearman’s correlation test was used for analysis of correlation between the variables.
Findings: the results of correlation test between scientific outputs and registered patents in different countries during 2008-2013 period in the patent office and Scopus citation database showed that there is a significant relationship between these two variables. Examining the relationship between patents and the type of scientific documents including books, journal articles and conference articles using Spearman’s correlation test showed that articles, books and conference articles have a significant relationship with registered patents in 0.01 level with correlation coefficients 0.858, 0.867 and 0.874 respectively. Correlation coefficients 0.866, 0.861, 0.843 and 0.834 in humanities and social sciences, technical and engineering sciences, medical sciences and biology respectively at 1% level showed a significant relationship between scientific outputs in subject areas and the number of registered patents in different countries.
Conclustion: the results of this study indicate a direct relationship between scientific outputs and registered patents in different countries. It can be concluded that there is a direct relationship between science and technology; meaning that countries with scientific advances also have advanced technology. The results indicate that in Iran, growth in scientific outputs has no significant effect on patent growth. Therefore, it is essential to find a remedy for the low grade of patents in Iran. More attention should be paid to innovation and patents as an indicator of technology in country’s scientific policies.