Guide for Authors

Guide for the authors of the Scientometrics Research Journal

(Bi-Quarterly of  Shahed University)


Section 1: how to write and submit an article

  1. The scientific journal of " Scientometrics Research" welcomes original and innovative research articles and reviews that are organized according to the structure of the journal authors' guide.
  2. All or part of the submitted article has not been published in any other journal and if the manuscript has already been presented in scientific conferences, it should be announced by mentioning the full details of the relevant conference.
  3. Do not send your manuscript to another publication until the acceptance response is received from the publication.
  4. The official language of the magazine is Persian and the article should be written in fluent Persian.
  5. Avoid using English words or terms that have a comprehensible Persian equivalent. In necessary cases, the Persian form of the word in the text and its English equivalent should be given in the footnote.
  6. The received articles will be reviewed by the editor, the editorial board, and the reviewers and, if approved, will be published after revision (if necessary) and editing in turn.
  7. It is required to attach a letter signed by the author(s) of the manuscript, stating their agreement to publish the article and not sending the manuscript to other journals at the same time.
  8. The journal is free to reject, accept, edit, summarize and modify articles, and submitted articles will not be returned.
  9. The order of insertion of articles is subject to the special rules of the journal and does not depend on the academic degree and qualities of its authors.
  10. The author is responsible for the accuracy and precision of the contents of the article.
  11. If the manuscript is not revised within the deadline given to the authors and is not resubmitted to the journal within the specified period, the journal can remove the article from the agenda. In such cases, it will not be possible to resubmit the article to the journal.
  12. The submitted manuscript should be prepared in A4 paper dimensions with a single line spacing and 3 cm margins on each side in Microsoft Word 2003 or 2007 and the manuscript should not exceed 25 pages.
  13. The main text from the introduction to the reference should be written in a justified column and the right alignment for Persian articles and the space between the lines is 1.15.
  14. The text of the Persian article should be typed with B Lotus 12 and Times New Roman 11, and its titles should be written in Bold.
  15. The font of the article (Persian and English) should be uniform.
  16. The submitted article must have a title page (English and Persian), names of the author(s) in English and Persian, extended English abstract, non-extended Persian abstract, and keywords (English and Persian).

17- Tables and charts are numbered and used in the article in the order of their place in the text and they should be center justified.

  1. The titles of the tables at the top, and the titles of charts at the bottom should be inserted in the center and the descriptions of the tables and charts should be written below them. It is also necessary to mention citations next to the titles of tables and charts.

19 - There should be no line between the tables, only one horizontal line at the top of the table and one horizontal line at the bottom of the table.

20- in English tables, English numbers, and in Persian tables, Persian numbers should be written.

  1. For the numbers of the figures, tables, and diagrams, use a dot instead of (/).
  2. Symbols and subtitles are written at the bottom of each page and start with the number one on each page.
  3. Do not number the titles in the article.
  4. Appendices and notes should be presented at the end of the article and after the references.
  5. The journal reserves the right to reject or accept articles.
  6. The journal welcomes constructive suggestions and criticisms to improve the quality of article publishing.
  7. Submitting an article is only possible through the journal site to the following address: and after registering in it.
  8. Visit the journal website to see the Codes of Ethics: Home - Journal Information - Ethical Principles of Article Publishing
  9. In addition to the current format, the article should be prepared based on the coming format and uploaded to the system. The content of all submissions to the journal (including the early version, the regular no-comment version, and the regular version of the highlighted changes) exactly must be the same in terms of content and structure of the article [the upcoming format is available on the journal homepage].
  10. Complete the Author Commitment Form.
  11. Complete the Conflict of Interest Form.
  12. the corresponding author can withdraw the article from reviewing only up to one week after submitting the article to the journal. Once the article has entered the reviewing process, it is not possible to cancel. If the corresponding author wishes to withdraw the article after the specified time, after the approval and acceptance of the editor-in-chief, the corresponding author is obliged to pay the review costs. If the author refuses to pay certain fees, the journal, at its discretion, may publish the article without the author's re-permission with respecting the copyright of its authors.
  13. The Journal reserves the right to evaluate the observance of ethical standards and plagiarism. Furthermore, at any stage of the article evaluation process or even after its publication, the journal can blacklist the offending authors and discredit and revoke the articles.

Section 2: Sequence and Details of Headlines and Structure of the Article


Considering the need to observe the punctuation and the structure of journal articles, it is necessary to carefully examine the structure and headlines of the article both in terms of order and in terms of form and manner of writing; after making sure that the article matches all the mentioned cases, it can be submitted to the journal. The internal structure and keywords of the articles are as follows:

Title of the article in English

Names and affiliations in English, and authors' e-mail addresses [Only in the version with names]

Extended English Abstract of the article between 600 to 800 words, including sections: Purpose, Methodology, Findings, Conclusion, Keywords

Title of the article in Persian

Names and affiliations in Persian, and authors' e-mail addresses [Only in the version with names]

Non-extended Persian Abstract between 150 and 200 words, including sections: Purpose, Methodology, Findings, Conclusion, Keywords


Introduction and problem statement [ends with a general question that expresses the research problem]

Research Questions / Research Hypotheses [Questions / Hypotheses should be numbered]

Theoretical Framework

Research Background [Analytical background including domestic and foreign backgrounds and summary of the literature review should be under this heading]

Research Methodology

Research Findings

         Answer to the first question of the research. ...

Test the first research hypothesis. ... [if available]

Discussion and conclusion

Research Executive Suggestions [as a list] [if available]

Suggestions for future research [as a list] [if available]

Acknowledgment and Funding: Acknowledgments to sponsors and individuals, including mentioning the point that the article is taken from a dissertation, thesis, or research project, etc., under the heading "Acknowledgment".

References [Alphabetical order]

Appendices [if available]


Section 3: How to Organize the article

1- On the first page of the article, the English title, and extended English abstract in 600 and 800 words, including (Purpose, Methodology, Findings, Conclusion, and Keywords) are written, and the names and organizational affiliations of the authors in English should be listed on a separate page.

2- The English and Persian titles of the article should be specific, short, and clear, containing the main variables and the time and place of the research, and should not include formulas and abbreviations.

3 - The title, abstract, names, surnames, and organizational affiliations of the authors are inserted in Persian after the English information of the article.

  1. The name and surname of the author(s) should be included in the footnote of the first page, respectively, the main author, the second author, and the rest, along with their academic rank, relevant organization, and their ORCID code. The corresponding author (author responsible for correspondence) must be specified.
  2. The address (postal address and postal code), telephone, fax, and e-mail of the corresponding author, and the date of submission of the article should be specified in the footnote of the first page.

6- Persian abstract should be structured in a non-extended form, between 150 and 200 words with keywords, including (purpose, methodology, findings, conclusion, and keywords).

7- Introduction and problem statement: A brief description of the research topic or issue should be provided in this section. The research issue should be clearly mentioned in the problem statement section. It is necessary to state the three issues of importance of the subject [with citation], the current state of progress made in this field [with citation], and finally, the issue and concern that forced the researcher to do this research [without citation and based on the author's analysis, creativity, and concern, drawing on previous content. The final issue of the research should be a general question.

  1. Research Questions / Research Hypotheses: Research questions or hypotheses (or both) should be presented under their own heading and after the problem statement.

9- Theoretical framework: A brief theoretical framework should be added after the research questions and before the research background, in which the relationship between the topic of the article and scientometrics should be explained more clearly.

10 - Research background: The research background, including domestic and foreign backgrounds and a summary of the background review, should be written analytically and presented under this title.

11 - Research Methodology: related items should be mentioned in this section, such as type of research, research method, how to conduct research, description of materials and methods used, including sampling methods, statistical methods used, population and statistical sample, collection tools Data, validity, and reliability, how to analyze data and tools for analyzing findings. In this way, the content of the steps and the population that are related to the methodology should be presented under the heading of "Research Methodology" and after the background. In this section, the correct method used in the research and the way of analyzing information should also be mentioned in the methodology.

12- Analysis of the findings: The findings of the research and the expression of the findings should be completely scientific in a precise and clear manner in the form of descriptions, tables, and graphs. In the Analysis of Findings section, before presenting the analysis related to each question, it is necessary to present each question and then the tables, diagrams, and analyses related to the relevant question. Note that in the findings analysis section, each table or chart is given first, followed by a description of that table and chart.

13- Discussion and Conclusion: Discussion includes interpreting the presented results, the reason or reasons for the occurrence of such a phenomenon, comparing research findings with previous research, mentioning possible reasons for agreement or disagreement between the results, and providing limitations, and scientific and practical suggestions.

14- Research executive proposals: After concluding the research proposals, they should be listed under the independent heading "Research Executive Suggestion". Suggestions should be based on research and related to research findings.

  1. Suggestions for future research: In this section, the researcher introduces suggestions for future research. These suggestions should list some of the research topics arising from this research to other researchers.

16 - Acknowledgment and Funding: If necessary, acknowledgment to individuals and supporting organizations, including noting that this article is taken from a dissertation, thesis, or research project and the like, is inserted under the heading "Acknowledgment and Funding".


Section 4: How to Organize the Reference

  1. The Reference should be compiled APA, and Endnote should be used as much as possible. [Alphabetical order is observed in all sources. Also, make sure that all in-text citations are in the Reference list.]
  2. The method of in-text citations, including the method of inserting Persian and English citations, should be consistent with the standard of the journal. To make it easier to identify how to cite sources, it is recommended to include the latest edition of the journal's authors 'guide, as well as the latest published issues of the journal, which are based on the same edition of the authors' guide.
  3. The sources should be arranged in alphabetical order, starting with Persian language sources and then English language sources, and should be presented at the end of the article.
  4. In-text citations to foreign sources in the text should be given in English along with the year of publication.
  5. In-text citations to Persian sources (whether authored or translated works) in the text should be written in Persian with the year of solar publication.
  6. In the list of Persian references, the bibliographic information of Persian sources is in Persian, and its English translation, along with the conversion of the solar year to the Gregorian year, should also be given in color in the list of English references; At the end of them, the phrase [In Persian] should be written in bold.
  7. In the list of English references, the bibliographic information of foreign sources should be given in English.

Explanation: In cases where the name of a foreign author is mentioned in the text in Persian, it is also necessary to cite the English surname and the year of publication of the work in parentheses and in-text when citing.

  1. It is essential that all sources be in-text cited and in this regard, comply with the standard framework of the journal and the APA system.
  2. It is essential to include the correct DOI of the works at the end of their bibliographic information. If the DOI for an effect is out of date, there is nothing wrong with not including a DOI.
  3. The list of Persian sources should be prepared with B Lotus and size 12 and English sources with Times New Roman 11 and set as Hanging with a distance of one centimeter in the next row.

Examples of how to cite and write sources

In in-text citation

For the book (author's last name, comma, year, comma, p, comma, page number).

  Such as (Jalali, 1395, p. 73), or: (Randall, 1995, 25)

For the article (author surname, comma, year)

Such as (Akbari, 1395), or: (Wing, 1994)

In general, the general structure of APA citation follows the following pattern:

In the References:

  1. A) The book

Last name, first name of the authors. Year of publication (in parentheses). The full title of the book. Printing number. Publisher. the number of pages. like the:

Due to the fact that this book is Persian, first, its bibliographic information is given in Persian in the list of Persian Reference:

نوروزی چاکلی، عبدالرضا. (1390). آشنایی با علم‌سنجی (مبانی، مفاهیم، روابط و ریشه‌ها). تهران: سمت؛ دانشگاه شاهد. 502 ص.


The bibliographic information of the book is then translated into English as follows and placed in the list of English sources, and at the end, the phrase [In Persian] is added:

Noroozi Chakoli, Abdolreza. (2011). Introduction to Scientometrics (Foundations, Concepts, Relations & Origins). Tehran: SAMT; Shahed University. 502 p. [In Persian]


Example for a section or chapter of an edited book:

Butzer, K.W., (1980). Aquacultural applications: biological applications, In Butzer, K.M. (Ed.), Fisheries Processing. First Edition. Chicago Press. 20-37 pp.


Example of an authored book:

Randall, J.E., (1995). Coastal Fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, USA. 439 p.

Example of a translated book:

Due to the fact that this book is Persian, first, its bibliographic information is given in Persian in the list of Persian references:

خلیل، طارق ام. (1393). مدیریت تکنولوژی: رمز موفقیت در رقابت و خلق ثروت، ترجمه سید محمد اعرابی و داود ایزدی. تهران: دفتر پژوهشهای فرهنگی.


The bibliographic information of the book is then translated into English as follows and placed in the list of English references, and at the end, the phrase [In Persian] is added:


 Khalil, Tarek M. (2014). Management of technology: the key to competitiveness and wealth creation. Translated by Mohammadi Arabi & Davood Eizadi. Tehran: Iran Cultural Studies Press. [In Persian].


  1. B) Journal article

Last name, author's name, year of publication. Source title. Name of the journal. Volume (number): number of pages. like the:


Due to the fact that this article is Persian, first, its bibliographic information is given in Persian in the list of Persian sources:

موسوی زاده, مریم, نوروزی چاکلی, عبدالرضا, پورنقی, رؤیا. (1401). شناسایی مؤلفه‌های تحلیل اطلاعات در نظام‌های بازیابی، بر اساس فنون مصورسازی اطلاعات در علم‌سنجی: مرور نظام‌مند. پژوهش نامه علمسنجی، (8)15، 191-216، ِDOI: 10.22070/rsci.2020.5321.1367


The bibliographic information of the article is then translated into English as follows and placed in the list of English references, and at the end, the phrase [In Persian] is added:

Mousavizadeh, M., Noroozi Chakoli, A., Pournaghi, R. (2022). Identifying the Information Analysis Components in Retrieval Systems, Based on Information Visualization Techniques in Scientometrics: A Systematic Review. Scientometrics Research Journal, 8 (15), 191-216. DOI: 10.22070 /rsci.2020.5321.1367 [In Persian].


Wing, S., (1994). A Geographical information system to support the management of marine resources. Marine Biology, 16 (4), 12-15.


  1. C) If the source of the article or a piece of writing from the Internet is related to a university or government office with the author's name:

Froese, R., Pauly, D., (2007). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication., version (11/2007).


  1. D) If the article or a piece of writing from the Internet is related to a university or government office without the author's name:

Food and Agriculture Organization. (2000). Fisheries and Aquaculture: variability and climate change. Retrieved October 31, 2001.


  1. E) Thesis / Thesis:

Surname and author name. Release date. Thesis title. Grade. Name of faculty and university. like the:

دهقان، سمیه. (۱۳۷۷). مراحل تکامل و تراکم لارو ماهیان در سواحل خوزستان . پایان‌ نامه کارشناسی ارشد. دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

Due to the fact that this source is Persian, its bibliographic information is first given in Persian in the list of Persian references and then the English translation of its bibliographic information is also given in the list of English sources and at the end, the phrase [In Persian] is added.

Barausse, A., (2009). The Integrated Functioning of Marine Ecosystems. Ph.D. Thesis. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences. University of Padova, Italy. 730p.

  1. F) Scientific conferences:

Last name, author's name, year of publication. Title. Conference name. Institution (if any) and city of venue. Mention the number or number of pages. like the:

Due to the fact that this source is Persian, its bibliographic information is first given in Persian in the list of Persian references and then the English translation of its bibliographic information is also given in the list of English references and at the end, the phrase [In Persian] is added:


صفاریان، رضا و مشایخی، نیره. (۱۳۸۶). بررسی و طبقه‌ بندی شاخص کیفیت آب رودخانه کارون و مقایسه آن با وضعیت شاخص کیفیت آب رودخانه‌ های مارون و زهره. دهمین همایش ملی بهداشت محیط همدان. ۳۵-۲۳.

Ranjzad, M., Khayyami, M.and Hassanzadeh, A., (2008). Rheological and Morphological studies of Linum bienne Mill. Proceedings of the 15th National and Third International Conference of Biology. Aug. 19-21, 2008. University of Tehran, 183p.


Section 5: Repository Policy

All authors are allowed to deposit a copy of different versions of their papers in an institutional or other repository of their choice without embargo. The authorized versions are:

-Submitted version
-Accepted version (Author Accepted Manuscript)
-Published version (Version of Record)


Note: An article that has not been prepared and compiled according to the journal authors' guidelines will be removed from the journal's scientific evaluation agenda.