اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌های پژوهشی: یک مطالعه علم‌سنجی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش شناسی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه زابل

2 استادیار، گروه علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار، گروه علم اطلاعات دانش‌شناسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه شاهد

چکیده

هدف: اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌های پژوهشی یکی از عوامل اصلی پیشبرد علم و توسعه پژوهش می‌باشد و فناوری‌های اطلاعاتی و ارتباطی و جنبش دسترسی آزاد نقش مهمی در توسعه این حوزه داشته‌اند. هدف پژوهش حاضر مطالعه علم‌سنجی مقالات حوزه اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌های پژوهشی در پایگاه و‌ب‌آو ساینس (WOS) طی بازه زمانی 1970 لغایت 15 مِی 2016 میلادی است.
روش‌شناسی: پژوهش حاضر با رویکرد کمّی و با استفاده از فنون و نرم‌افزارهای علم‌سنجی به بررسی و تحلیل مقالات این حوزه پرداخته است.    
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که طی سال‌های اخیر مقالات اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌ها از رشد سریعی برخوردار بوده است. رشد تولیدات نشان می‌دهد که گروه‌های موضوعی حوزه پزشکی، علوم زیستی و علم اطلاعات و دانش‌شناسی رشد قابل توجهی در این حوزه داشته‌اند. کشور آمریکا بیش از 50 درصد تولیدات این حوزه را تولید کرده است. حدود 27 هزار نویسنده، 6742 سازمان، 3500 نشریه و 142 کشور مقالات این حوزه را منتشر کرده‌اند. مقالات این حوزه در 231 گروه موضوعی پایگاه وب‌آو ساینس نمایه شده است که 20 گروه موضوعی برتر بیش از 90 درصد تولیدات این حوزه را منتشر کرده‌اند.
نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد به دلیل ماهیت و مزایای اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌های پژوهشی در تولید علم و توجه جوامع علمی به این پدیده، در آینده‌ای نزدیک شاهد تمایل بیشتر پژوهشگران و جوامع علمی به اشتراک‌گذاری داده‌های پژوهشی در جهان و توجه بیشتر به الزامات فنی، فرهنگی و ساختاری مورد نیاز توسط ذی‌نفعان این حوزه باشیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A scientometric study of data sharing literature

نویسندگان [English]

  • Esmaeil Vaziri 1
  • Nader Naghshineh 2
  • Abdolreza Noroozi chakoli 3
1 Assistant Professor, Department of In-formation Science and Knowledge Studies, Zabol University
2 Assistant Professor, Department of In-formation Science and Knowledge Studies, University of Tehran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Information Science and Knowledge Studies, Shahed University
چکیده [English]

Purpose: data sharing is one of the critical drivers of science advancement. ICT and Open Access movement have had a significant role in data sharing. The purpose of this study is analysis of the articles on data sharing indexed in WoS.
Methodology: This research used quantitative approach with scientometric techniques and softwares to analyze data sharing literature.
Findings: Results showed that during recent years, the number of articles on data sharing has increased dramatically. The rate of articles on data sharing shows a considerable increase in three categories of medical sciences, biological sciences and library and information sciences. The United States has produced more than half of the articles. About 27000 authors from 6742 institutions and 140 countries have contributed in publication in the mentioned field and 3500 journals published the articles. These articles were indexed in 231 subject categories. The first 20 subject categories contained more than 90% of the articles.
Conclusion: Due to data sharing functions and benefits in advancing science and attention of scientific communities to this subject and multidisciplinary context of data sharing, it seems that in near future, more and more researchers and scientific communities will tend to research on data sharing, and this will requrie more attention to technical, cultural and structural infrastructures on behalf of data sharing stakeholders.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Data sharing
  • Research data sharing
  • Scientometrics
  • Research data
  • Scientific collaboration
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