تحلیل شبکه‌های اجتماعی دانشگاهی حوزه نوآوری باز

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، مدیریت سیستم‌ها، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه مدیریت دولتی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت صنعتی و فناوری اطلاعات، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

4 استاد، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف: تحلیل شبکه‌های اجتماعی حوزه نوآوری باز به‌منظور ترسیم ساختار فکری و مفهومی این حوزه.
روش‌شناسی: پژوهش حاضر از نوع کاربردی علم‌سنجی بوده و از طریق تحلیل شبکه‌های اجتماعی دانشگاهی انجام شده است. در این پژوهش 2099 سند حوزه نوآوری باز که در سال‌های 2003 تا 2018 در پایگاه وب آو ساینس منتشر شده‌اند مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته‌اند. به‌منظور تحلیل داده‌ها از دو نرم‌افزار CitNetExplorer و VOSviewer استفاده شده است.
یافته‌ها: از سال 2014 تعداد پژوهش‌های مرتبط با نوآوری باز افزایش چشمگیری داشته است. همچنین مفاهیم و موضوعات مرتبط با حوزه نوآوری باز تغییر چندانی نکرده است. 10 نشریه برتر این حوزه حدود 20 درصد استنادات و 10 مقاله 14 درصد کل استنادات را به خود اختصاص داده‌اند. پیشینه نظری مشترک این حوزه در 4 خوشه و جریان‌های پژوهشی معاصر آن در 5 خوشه اصلی دسته‌بندی شده‌اند. ایالات متحده بیشترین تعداد اسناد مرتبط با نوآوری باز را منتشر کرده و ایران با 5 سند در رتبه 46 قرار دارد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نوآوری باز از موضوعاتی است که در حوزه‌های مختلفی کاربرد دارد. با توجه به نقش آن در بهزیستی افراد، رشد اقتصادی و بهبود محیط زیست لازم است توجه بیشتری به این حوزه و همکاری‌های بین‌المللی با دیگر کشورها شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Academic Social Networks of Open Innovation Field

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehran Badin Dahesh 1
  • Gholamali Tabarsa 2
  • Mostafa Zandieh 3
  • Mohammadreza Hamidizadeh 4
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Systems Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, Department of Public Administration, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Industrial Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Business Management, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Purpose:Analyzing social networks of open innovation field for drawing the intellectual and conceptual structure of this field.
Methodology: This research is applied research that has been done by academic social network analysis. In this research, 2099 documents of open innovation field that published between 2003-2018 in Web of Science were analyzed. We use CitNetExplorer and VOSviewer for analyzing data.
Findings: The number of studies in open innovation represents a sharp increase since 2014. Subjects and concepts that relate to open innovation have not been changed dramatically. Ten important journals received 20% of citations, and 14% of all citations pertain only to 10 articles. Common theoretical background categorized in 4 clusters and contemporary research streams categorized in 5 major clusters. The US has published the most documents in this field, and Iran is the 46th country with only five documents.
Conclustion: Open innovation paradigm has been applied in many areas and according to its role in wellbeing, economic growth, environmental improvement, and etc. more attention to this field is needed. Purposeful research and collaboration with other countries are necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Open innovation
  • Innovation
  • Social Network Analysis
  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Academic social network
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